Internal Conflicts

3 ECTS / Semester / English

Domestic Conflicts are the most frequent and dramatic expression of
contemporary violence, but we have frequently been surprised when they erupt.
The USSR collapse and the subsequent conflicts in the Balkans, the sudden
irruption of the so called Islamic State, but also the riots in London, Paris or
Stockholm, all came as surprises.

Many countries live under latent conditions of violence. The number of displaced
people is the highest since the Second World War. Terrorism “knocks” at our door
and produces daily bloodbaths around the globe.

In fact, inter-communal conflicts have increasingly replaced inter-state wars.
Violence moved into the states and is being conducted in different forms and by
multiple agents from mobilized mobs, organized crime structures, insurgent
groups or terrorists.


Invited Professor
António Fontes Ramos is Guest Professor at the Portuguese Catholic University, Political Studies Institute – Lisbon, at the Faculty of Social Sciences…